Mahila: Helping women deal with men’s migration 

Full Title: Empowering women and girls in rural communities affected by male out-migration

Location: Gatlang, Rasuwa District.

Period : 2016 – 2019

Beneficiaries: 1,200 people from 260 families.

Indirects beneficiairies : 2,340 people

Local partners : SEEDS, Paldor Peak Youth Club.

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Emigration des hommes pour trouver un emploi.
Men's migration to find job opportunities.

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Classe d'alphabétisation.
Literacy classroom.

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Formation des femmes à la tenue des comptes du foyer.
Women training on house finances.

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Les femmes dépendent à 86% des récoltes agricoles
pour survivre.

86% of women rely on agriculture for their livelihood.

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Faible taux d'éducation chez les filles à cause de leurs
mariages et des travaux agricoles.
Small education rates for girls due to their marriage and
agricultural labour.

Background

The project is located in Gatlang in the district of Rasuwa – a rural, mountainous and very poor region of Nepal. Overall 25% of households in Rasuwa and 20% of the ones in Gatlang have at least one family member who is absent for more than 6 months a year, almost three quarters of whom are men. Men’s migration in rural areas has become a coping mechanism aimed at overcoming poverty.
Discrimination already places women at a severe disadvantage in Nepal; in Rasuwa one woman in two is unable to read or write and almost 70% get married before the age of 20. Migration exacerbates an already precarious socio-economic situation for women and girls. Women may work up to 16 hours a day as they struggle alone with heavy manual work. Such hardship has a detrimental effect on their health: uterine prolapse, stress, depression, as well as on their education. In addition to this, women and girls lack the necessary financial skills and decision-making power within the household in order to effectivley manage and invest remittances sent by their husbands, fathers or sons. They rely increasingly on relatives and are increasingly unable to manage alone.

Project Aims

The main objective of this project is to improve the livelihood of women and girls affected by men’s migration and to make them economically independent. It will help them to cope with the effects of men’s migration and to make the most of the financial opportunities it offers. Norlha’s strategy is to provide women with economic and social tools to improve their situation and the livelihoods of their families.

To achieve economic empowerment for women, the project’s activities will focus on financial literacy, cost-efficient money transfer systems, the investment of remittances, access to markets and new income generating opportunities. In terms of social empowerment, they receive awareness training on gender and health issues and learn a range of skills to deal with situations such as men’s migration. The benefits will have a beneficial impact on the wider community.

In total, women and girls from 260 households, as well as around 80 men, will benefit from the project directly. Their families will join certain awareness-raising activities, around 1200 people, and 2340 individuals will benefit indirectly from the project.

Outcomes

Women learn how to make the most of the money they receive from their men. They learn to budget and invest. They are taught ways to make money and where to sell their produce.

Women are taught how to adapt to their new circumstances. The community will have a better understanding of the issues caused by migration and support groups are created. Machinery and new equipment are provided to ease the burden of their daily their chores and to help increase production.

For more information about this project, please contact us at partnerships@norlha.org.

Our partners

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